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Unit A3 - Economic World

This unit comprises of two sections; industry and farming.

Sectors of Industry

There are four types of industry that you need to know:

These sectors of industry can be used to determine the level of development of a country. Countries with a high proportion of primary industries are commonly LEDC's(e.g. Mali). These countries have most of their population working as farmers. In an MEDC, a large proportion of tertiary industries are found (e.g. UK). NIC have a strong proportion of secondary industries as they are starting to industrialise and begin manufacturing (e.g. Taiwan).

Location of Industries

Factors affecting the location of an industry fall into one of four categories; physical, economic, political and human. Factors that have to be considered are:

Case Study - Computer Development in Bracknell - a question on this case study will have something to do with location.
The location of Bracknell is in Berkshire and examples of computer companies in the area are Hewlett Packard, Siemens and Dell. They have located here for three reasons:

Industry in an LEDC

In an MEDC, most people are employed or self-employed and pay tax on their earnings. In an LEDC, people work in one of two sectors of industry; either formal or informal industry. There are more people looking for work in the formal sector than there are jobs, so the informal sector plays a large role in the economy for many LEDC's.

Case Study - Fiat, A TNC in Brazil - a question will generally ask about the factors attracting a TNC to set up in LEDC's.

TNC's are companies that operate globally, normally having a head office in an MEDC and factories in LEDC's. Brazil offered many incentives to the car company, Fiat to make it locate there.

Farming Systems

There are many different types of farms around the world. These farms can be split into categories:

A Farmer's Decision

There are many factors that a farmer has to consider when deciding what to grow on his farm. These factors are divided into physical and human factors:

For the farming section you need to be able to respond to questions on one of two case studies; one for an LEDC and the other an MEDC.

Case Study - Intensive Wet Rice Farming in an LEDC - this particular case study concentrates on the Philippines.

Case Study - Changes affecting farming system in the EU - a question may focus on how Home Farm (run by Mr Redfern) in the Midlands has changed due to EU policy of the problems caused by the CAP.

Homework Help:

  1. A Day in the Life of a Crisp - explain the production involved in producing a bag of crisps and relate each stage to a sector of industry (primary, secondary, tertiary or quarternary).
  2. Siting a hi-tech industry - decide using the information which site would be the most viable from site 1, 2 or 3. Make sure you write down the advantages and disadvantages of each.
  3. Revise key definitions for farming (intensive, extensive, pastoral, arable, organic, ,mixed, commercial and subsistence).
  4. Farming in the British Isles - describe the location of different types of farming in Britain. Make sure you include types of farm and figures in answer.
  5. Changes in Farming (1950 to 2000) - Write onto the back of the sheet all the differences in farming between 1950 and 2000. Make sure you include a reason why each item has changed.